Consistent Cross-Sectoral Sustainability Criteria & Indicators

Consistent Cross-Sectoral Sustainability Criteria & Indicators

Main topic: Criteria/indicators/ data /estimations related to bioeconomy
Document / search engine: Consistent Cross-Sectoral Sustainability Criteria & Indicators
Framework project: Delivery of sustainable supply of non-food biomass to support a “resource-efficient” Bioeconomy in Europe
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The general objective of S2Biom Work Package 5 (WP5) is to provide a better understanding regarding sustainability requirements in biomass value chains. The compilation of consistent sustainability criteria & indicators (C&I) for the short- and medium-term bioeconomy is one of the specific objectives of this WP and the focus of this draft paper.
Based on the compilation of sustainability requirements and provisions made in task 5.1 of this project and literature review, this paper provides:
a) an overview of different points of view to be acknowledged when delineating the approach to sustainability (i.e. scope, sustainability sets or type of indicators) , and
b) a specific proposal of sustainability C&I for non-food biomass.
The approach to sustainability has taken into account the scope of the assessment (biomass value chains and calculation of biomass potentials), the sustainability ambition (a “basic” and a more “advanced” set of C&I), and the types of indicators to be considered (minimum requirements, comparative with non-renewable or biomass
references, and descriptive indicators).
The sustainability C&I draft proposal has considered the three “pillars” (dimensions) of sustainability, i.e. environment, social and economic. In total, 12 criteria and 27 indicators are included. This set aims to serve as an umbrella to the bioeconomy (bioenergy and bioproducts) that can be the basis for more specific indicators in certain

In the environment dimension, the following C&I are proposed:
• Resource use: Land use efficiency, secondary resource efficiency, energy efficiency, and functionality (Output service quality),
• Climate Change: Life cycle-based CO2eq including direct land use change, and other GHG emissions,
• Biodiversity: Protected areas and land with significant biodiversity values, and biodiversity conservation and management,
• Soil: Erosion, Soil Organic Carbon, and soil nutrient balance,
• Water: Water availability and regional water stress, water use efficiency, and water quality,
• Air: emissions of SO2 equivalents, and PM10.

In the social dimension:
• Participation and transparency: Effective participatory processes, information transparency,
• Land Tenure: Land tenure assurance
• Employment and labour rights: Full direct jobs equivalents along the full value chain, full direct jobs equivalent in the biomass consuming region (or country), Human and Labour Rights, and occupational safety and health for workers,
• Health risks: Risks to public health,
• Food, fuelwood and other products: Food, fuelwood and other products supply security

The criterion-related to the economic dimension is:
• Production costs: Current levelised life-cycle cost, and future levelised life-cycle costs

Countries/regions described/represented: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, The Netherlands, UK
Year: 2015