Document / search engine: Database with information on existing bioeconomy products and processes.
Framework project: Promoting stakeholder engagement and public awareness for a participative governance of the European bioeconomy
Short name of the project:
Website link: http://www.bio-step.eu/results/
CORDIS link if relevant: https://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/documents/downloadPublic?documentIds=080166e5afd928c4&appId=PPGMS
Deliverable 2.1 is a database that aims to make existing information on bioeconomy products and processes available to stakeholders and the public at large, as a resource in opening up broader public dialogues about the future of the bioeconomy. Rather than attempting to be complete about the whole plethora of products and processes in the bioeconomy, the database presents an overview – a taxonomy – of the main product categories, production processes and feedstocks in the bioeconomy as well as some salient sustainability impacts and governance issues.
We distinguish nine product categories (conventional biofuels, advanced biofuels, bioplastics, industrial parts, green chemical, lubricants, personal home and care, fibre products and food and feed additives) to cover the whole value pyramid and a broad range of societal domains regarding the utility of bio-based products. The criteria for selecting examples of bio-based products within each of these nine product categories were to give a broad overview and show the richness of what bio-based products have been and are currently developed. The selected bio-based products thus seek to reflect a variety (without being exhaustive) in terms of the following parameters:
1) different (geographical origin) of feedstocks;
2) different scales of processing (both current and future estimates);
3) the different added value of end products.
By clicking on the ‘product examples’-link at the top of each product category, one will be led to a definition and clarification of the respective category and find examples that are currently on the market or are being developed (and some web links as main references).
This overview suggests that at least the following three issues are key to more generic public dialogues and national and supranational levels: 1) the so-called food versus fuel discussion that emphasises indirect land-use change and also includes food versus material and indirect water use change angles; 2) the comparative whole life cycle analysis of fossil versus biofuels and –materials; 3) the competition with and competitiveness of biofuels and –materials in relation to fossil equivalents. It also suggests that key to more specific public dialogues at subnational, i.e. regional, dialogues is place and space of bio-refinery plants and clusters. Size matters to the public at large, and dialogues had better not be closed down by coining these concerns as NIMBY issues.
Countries/regions described/represented: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, The Netherlands, UK