Document / search engine: Life cycle assessment – DELIVERABLE 3.5.
Framework project: Global business challenge: Breaking the oil&gas water dependency with a costeffective & no-waste nanomembrane technology for water reuse.
Short name of the project:
CORDIS link if relevant: https://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/documents/downloadPublic?documentIds=080166e5bccfe28f&appId=PPGMS
The objective of this study is to compare the environmental profile of the operational phase of two treatment technologies applied to
Produced Water from oil wells using the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) tool. In other words, the scope of the study includes those
unitary processes associated with treatment technology performance that differ between the conventional process and the CleanOil
approach. The analysis will be carried out considering two different operational scenarios: onshore and offshore sectors.
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a technique to compile and evaluate the inputs, outputs and the potential environmental impacts of a
product system throughout its life cycle (i.e., from raw material extraction through materials processing, manufacture, distribution,
use, repair and maintenance, and disposal or recycling).
The tool is regulated by the ISO 14040 series standards and consists in four distinct phases:
– Goal and scope definition
– Life cycle inventory
– Life cycle impact assessment
– Interpretation of results.
The goal and scope definition of an LCA provides a description of the product system in terms of the system boundaries and a
The life cycle inventory (LCI) analysis phase consists of data collection and calculations to quantify the inputs and outputs of a
product life-cycle, in order to meet the goals of the study.
The purpose of the life cycle impact assessment phase (LCIA) is to understand and evaluate the magnitude and significance of the
potential environmental impacts of a product system’s LCI results.
Finally, the interpretation of results is the last phase of the LCA, in which the results of the LCI and the LCIA are discussed as a basis
for conclusions and decision-making in accordance with the goal and scope definition.
Countries/regions described/represented: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, The Netherlands