Document / search engine: Logistical case study in Finland
Framework project: Delivery of sustainable supply of non-food biomass to support a “resource-efficient” Bioeconomy in Europe
Short name of the project:
Website link: https://www.s2biom.eu/images/Publications/D3.4_D3.6_S2Biom_Annex_3_Logistical_case_study_in_Finland_FINAL.pdf
CORDIS link if relevant: https://library.wur.nl/WebQuery/wurpubs/fulltext/406511
In Finland, the operating environment in timber transports by trucks is challenging. Difficulties in logistics are caused by the high number of timber assortments and end use facilities, as well as high fluctuation in road trafficability, in the weather affecting bearing capacity of roads and in the timber demand of mills. Forest industry together with logistics companies and timber truck entrepreneurs has eagerly searched for the solutions for improving timber transport efficiency. The logistical case study in Finland tried to find cost-efficient operation models in timber transport logistics by trucks in a preset case environment in Central Finland. As an objective of the study, the influence of a multi-assortment load method was studied and compared to a single-assortment load method. In the single-assortment load method only one timber assortment can be transported during one transport cycle whereas in the multi-assortment load method different timber assortments can be transported in the same load. Discrete-event simulation was used for studying the timber truck transports for the Finnish case. Simulation model included four trucks operating in Central Finland and supplying 25 different timber assortments to 12 end-use facilities being eight saw mills, two pulp mills and two train loading terminals. The total timber demand of enduse facilities over one year was 258,000 solid-m³. The multi-assortment load method was on average 3.3% cheaper than the single assortment load method. In addition, the driving performance – presented as solid-m³ of timber per 100 kilometers – was 4.0% higher with the multi-assortment load method. Small assortment piles at roadsides caused difficulties in efficient timber transport due to driving between piles and the need of loading many small piles for filling the entire load space. The multi-assortment load method decreased drastically the number of rides between piles and, therefore, improved the performance of the fleet. The developed model can be used to analyze in depth the effect of different logistical concepts on, e.g., transport costs, transported volumes and the utilization rate of capacity. The model can also be extended to other geographical regions.
Countries/regions described/represented: Finland