Document / search engine: Regional case studies for biomass and bioenergy production – Case Study Croatia: SPAČVA d.d., Vukovar/Spacva
Framework project: Building a Green Energy and Logistics Belt
Short name of the project:
Website link: http://www.interreg-danube.eu/uploads/media/approved_project_public/0001/22/1aae3c4828652e96baf21d2522063e3f0d77ddba.pdf
CORDIS link if relevant:
The case study is analysing the activities of Spačva d.d., one of the largest biomass processors in
Croatia. It is a private company, located in the eastern part of the country, in the city of Vinkovci
which is also in the vicinity of Danube (~22km),
Biomass in Croatia has traditionally been used for generation of heat, mainly in private
households in a form of firewood. In the past decade, there has been a new trend to utilize the
state of the art technologies for large scale energy production using biomass fired power plants.
With the new acts on incentives for electric energy production (OG 100/2015) there have been
many new ventures into building these kinds of instalments. On the other hand, most of the
projects getting the preferred producer status seem to be speculative, with the intent of selling to
the next investor, blocking the readily available projects for realization due to the missing national
quotas for the electric energy production (Poslovni dnevnik, n.d.) .
Also, the rise of the alternative use of biomass started the production of new heating sources
(pellets and briquettes) with several companies using the available woody biomass for extending
their current portfolio (usually being upgraded from some type of processing – flooring, furniture
or sawmills) and some using it to start as a new business. This has not been followed by the
consumer side with most of the smaller consumers making a transfer mostly to gas or keeping the
old means of using wood for burning in small furnaces, having a vast majority of pellets exported
to the neighbouring countries (Drvni pelet, 2018).
Spačva d.d. being located in the east part of the country has a long tradition of processing wood,
both having a successful flooring and doors production and the motivation to become the biggest
pellet/briquette producer in the country within the next few years, making them an important
actor in the Croatian biomass market. It also uses biomass residues from the processes to fire two
large furnaces producing the heat for the company needs on site. One of the key points is that,
although depending strongly on the export of their bioenergy products, it has the largest share of
both pellets and briquettes being placed in the national market (mostly through the big retailers).
Being located on the far east of the country, the transport of the products to the countries located
to the west lowers the overall profitability of such endeavours. However, since the company is
located within 20 kilometers to the port of Vukovar on the Danube river, it seems a viable option
to have the company’s reach extended to the east/north by using alternate modes of transport
(rail, waterway) which can prove to be more energy and environmentally efficient.
This study aims at analysing the current operation modes for logistics of Spačva d.d. company
suggesting the additional options for transport using the alternate methods which might lower
both the cost and overall environmental impact.
Countries/regions described/represented: Croatia