Resource Efficiency, Side Streams and Value Chains Analysis – WP2 Final Report

Resource Efficiency, Side Streams and Value Chains Analysis – WP2 Final Report

Main topic: Bio-based products, biomass supply chain
Document / search engine: Resource Efficiency, Side Streams and Value Chains Analysis – WP2 Final Report
Framework project: Underpinning the vital role of the forest-based sector in the Circular Bioeconomy
Short name of the project:
Website link:
CORDIS link if relevant: https://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/documents/downloadPublic?documentIds=080166e5cba42227&appId=PPGMS
Short description:

WoodCircus project belongs to the Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under
grant agreement No 820892. WoodCircus increases knowledge, raises awareness and improves
conditions for an uptake of resource efficient processing and recycling in wood-based value
chains, fostering increased competitiveness of the European woodworking sector.
WoodCircus is supported by 17 partners of whom five are industrial partners, three from
federations and associations and seven from research organizations. The management structure
is designed to fit the projects objective and the nature of a CSA project ensuring precise and
timely information exchange among a high number of partners and stakeholders. The project
management, quality assurance and risk management procedures of WoodCircus are designed
to support the proper implementation of the project in a lean, open and supportive manner. The
management, quality assurance and risk management procedures are taken into account in all
tasks and activities of the project implementation, dissemination and overall communication
activities by the coordinator and project partners.
WP2 Analysis of the state of art and fact finding data and compilation of good practices and
further recommendations collected and analysed the existing knowledge and industry views,
experience and know-how on utilization of side streams of wood product industries, wood
construction and demolition as well as waste recycling and management, driven by wood
construction value chain. Analysis of SWOT, good practices plus development potential and
needs were performed on raw materials, products, markets, resource efficiency, classification
systems, value chains and their stakeholders, processing technology and selected stakeholder
collaboration including societal issues. The scope was in fact finding, update state of the art and
review, from technical and regulatory point of view, about the recovery and recycling processes
and organizations of value chains in four different regions of EU. Data collection included
focused literature review and internet search, interviews or questionnaire surveys among 99
industry experts in 10 countries from four regions in Europe (southern, central, northern,
eastern) and three special workshops (Warsaw for EU-13 countries, Helsinki for Finnish saw
mill experts, Cologne for Central-European wood panel and bio-composite industry experts).
WP2 consisted of the tasks: 2.1 Raw material categories and product potential, 2.2 Side stream
processing and recycling techniques, 2.3 Resource efficiency in value chains. Good practices
compiled in WP2 will be further analysed, screened and developed toward more detailed
recommendations in the next stages of WoodCircus in WPs 4-5. Data collected on policy
instruments and development incentives, funding programs and financing agencies will be
compiled and analysed in WP6.
In EU-28 more than 70% of wood products are used in construction or furnishing. Of the log
volume, about half ends up to side streams. The most usual way to treat waste wood is energy
recovery or recycling (mostly wood panel industries), with large variation between countries. In
2016 recycling reached the first time higher value that energy recovery.
Construction, demolition and new bio-based products represent two of the five priority areas in
the EU action plan for the circular economy. Circular economy is prevalent in practically all
Europe, but significant differences between EU-28 member states are present in the status,
performance and value chains of wood cascading and recycling. Regions and countries have different opportunities and specific framework conditions which should be appreciated in policy
actions and development priorities.
European companies know rather well the classification of wood side streams, but sorting and
allocation to different uses should be improved. Companies are basically positive for
harmonization of regulation and standards, but unpredictable and complex requirements are
suspected. High resource efficiency and well-functioning value chains are strengths for
industrial by-products and provide income for suppliers, whereas construction and especially
demolition wastes cause costs. Value chains are different as viewed by suppliers and customers
of different-level side streams and products.
New uses, markets and valorisation are needed and innovative products and advanced
technology for by-products and recycle materials are under development. Competition of side
streams between different uses is common, and market penetration with recycle products
perceived of low quality and performance is difficult. Triple Helix collaboration works well in
some regions, but not all over Europe due to regional specifics. Except big corporations of forest
and energy sectors, companies lack either of know-how, incentives, resources and sometimes
pressure for RTDI and investments (SMEs, secondary processing), or even all together.
Plentiful good practices regarding products and materials, technology and processes,
management and efficiency, innovation and also construction and demolition have been
identified in WoodCircus. Most of them are applicable and transferable to other European
countries. Development needs were shown both in research, testing, piloting, proofs-of-concept
and branding of side streams and their business and market potential, and regulation,
standardization, communication, promotion, education, value chain management and
stakeholder collaboration, four-angle sustainability and societal thinking. RTDI needs are in one
hand common for all parts of side stream value chains, but on the other hand specific for
different sub-sectors.


Countries/regions described/represented: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonian, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, The Netherlands
Year: 2020