Spatial variation and analysis of areas with high/low levels of provision of important Public Goods across the EU

Spatial variation and analysis of areas with high/low levels of provision of important Public Goods across the EU

Main topic: Good practices, case studies, pilots
Document / search engine: Spatial variation and analysis of areas with high/low levels of provision of important Public Goods across the EU
Framework project: PROVIding smart DElivery of public goods by EU agriculture and forestry
Short name of the project:
Website link: http://www.provide-project.eu/documents/2016/06/d3-1.pdf
CORDIS link if relevant: https://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/documents/downloadPublic?documentIds=080166e5b3a0332b&appId=PPGMS
Short description:

This report has been produced as a part of the EU Horizon 2020 project PROVIDE (PROVIding smart
DElivery of public goods by EU agriculture and forestry). It serves as an inventory of EU level data and
maps relating to Public Goods (hereafter referred to as “PGs”). Public Goods are goods and services that
are beneficial to the public and are thus highly desired by society but not readily traded on the market
(Dwyer et al. 2015). PGs focus primarily on aspects of management and governance, such as the type of
provision and societal demand of goods, and are strongly related to the concept of Ecosystem Services. The
focus of Ecosystem Services (e.g. water quality regulation, soil nutrient regulation, pollination, biological
control) lies purely on the benefits for and dependence of humans on ecosystems (MEA 2003; de Groot et
al. 2002; Haines-Young & Potschin 2010). For more information on the different notions and issues of
public goods in literature, as well as by key PROVIDE stakeholders, see Deliverable 2.2 (Novo et al.
2017).
The provided maps aim to show the spatial variation in both demand and supply of important PGs across
the entire EU at high spatial resolution (1 km2
) for current conditions. The inventory is based on the
synthesis of excisting data and models originating from projects such as CONNECT (BiodivERsA),
OPERAs, VOLANTE and HERCULES. The selection criteria for the spatial information regarding Public
Goods was based on the most commonly mentioned Public Goods in relevant literature. Therefore, we did
not only include Public Goods related to biophysical and environmental benefits, such as carbon
sequestration or resilience to flooding, but also Public Goods related to social benefits (e.g. Landscape
character; see Dwyer et al. 2015). We have used the name of the original dataset in the overview of
available Public Good datasets (see Chapter 2 and 3).
The inventory collected in this Deliverable helps to identify the main knowledge gaps with regard to the
spatial representation of specific PGs on an EU level. Moreover, the inventory facilitates the analysis of
connections between land use systems and PGs, factors and processes that influence both supply and
demand as well as policies and mechanisms that contribute to their delivery. Within the wider PROVIDE
project, the information collected in this Deliverable will be used as a starting-point for the assessment of
Public Good provision for the different CSR regions, which will be further specified by means of CSRlevel workshops and a participatory mapping exercise in task 3.3 (Deliverable 3.2). Furthermore, the
mapping will provide a background for the further investigation towards associated values and instruments
that aim at balancing supply and demand of Public Goods, which will be relevant for Work Package 5.
This report offers an overview of all available maps/data for given PGs. Furthermore, maps are provided
that display the supply of each PG expressed through high or low levels of provision. Each map comes with
an overall description. In addition, a comparison of the level of provision of given PGs between case study
regions (CSR) will be shown. Finally, this document provides a discussion that reflects on the collected
data relating to PGs, PGs that have not (yet) been mapped and the opportunities one has using the prepared
maps. The appendix of this document contains further in-depth information for each PG as well as some
technical explanations.


Countries/regions described/represented: Austria - Marchfeld, Bulgaria - South Centrl Planning Region, Czech Republic - Ceska Lipa and Decin, Estonia - Harju, Finland - Pohjois-Pohjanmaa, France - Brittany, Germany, Italy, Merkische Schweiz, Netherlands - Kromme Rijn, Poland - Podlaskie, Romania - North-East Region, Spain - Andalusia, United Kingdom - Aberdeenshire
Year: 2016